Content Strategy: How to Use Topic Clusters

October 16, 2023
Content Strategy: How to Use Topic Clusters


We have all been through enough Google algorithm and technology changes to know that once we think see have something even semi-figured out, it's going to change. 

Content process planning is experiencing shifts due to the changes in the way people search for answers. Instead of going to the computer and typing two or three keywords, people today search the way they talk. They ask a specific question, often via voice on their phone or tablet. And of course, everyone has slightly different ways of asking the same question. That makes it really, really hard to cover all the possible keywords.

Ranking higher in search engine results is no longer about keywords but rather about topics. As business owners, marketers, etc, our focus should be on owning a topic and delivering pertinent and engaging information about the particular subject.

Pillar pages, topic clusters, and subtopics help us to organize and enhance content while improving SEO for the way search engines work today.

Pillar Pages

Think of a pillar page as a comprehensive resource on a core topic and the basis on which a topic cluster is built. A pillar page covers all of the aspects of a given topic on a single page. Pillar pages aren’t about detail though. One of your pillar pages should broadly cover a particular topic and the cluster content should go into more detail (addressing a specific keyword) that is related to the topic. 

Instead of thinking about your website in terms of just keywords. Think about a TOPIC for which you want to rank. Your pillar page should answer any question that someone may search in a search engine. The goal is for them to get their answers by first clicking on your pillar page for a high-level answer. Then they click through to the subtopic pages to receive more specific and detailed content.  And it’s all linked (think of a hub and spokes), which allows you to use your subtopic blog posts to build authority. 

Topic Clusters and Subtopics

A topic cluster is composed of a pillar page and subtopic content that you have organized to support each of your core topics. A topic cluster (to be effective) should contain around 6 - 8 subtopics that address specific questions your customers may be exploring or specific pain points they may have.

The topic cluster should be named something that summarizes the core topic it addresses. There are still a few “rules” that need to be followed to determine and validate that writing about a particular topic is actually worth it. 

  1. Domain Authority - Can you land on page one eventually?
  2. Monthly Searches - How many times is the term searched per month?
  3. Relevancy - Compared to the content you already have, is this new topic relevant? (HubSpot has a cool tool simply called “Content Strategy” that will even give you the relevancy score.)


Topic Cluster Focus: Baking
Pillar Page (Broad Topic): Baking for Beginners (Everything you need to know!)
Subtopic: Tools Beginners Need to Have to Bake 


Search is constantly changing, which is tough for us, but great for the user. And it’s imperative as marketers, that we always keep the needs of the customers at the center of our strategies. To stay current, you have to look at your content strategy as a dynamic and flexible way to attract and educate the right customers at the right time. Topic clustering is a way to meet that need. 

Author Bio

Kassi Whitman is a Marketing Account Manager with an eye for detail, a love for classic rock, and animals. She is a supporter of quality content marketing and an advocate for proper social media use. Connect with her on Twitter and LinkedIn!